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Gaus-e-Azam R.D*

Ghaus-e-Azam

Bismillah Hir Rahman Nir Raheem
Allahumma Salle ‘Ala Syedina Muhammadin Wa ‘Ala Aalihi Syedina Muhammadin Wa Barik Wa Sallim

‘Ala Inna Awliya Allahu Laqaufum Alaiheem Walahum Yazanoon

The King of Saints Imam-ul-Auliya Peeran-e-Peer Hazrat Syed ul Abraar Shaik ul Kubaar Hazrat Mehboob Subhaani Qutb e Rabbani Ghouse-us-Samandaani Hazrat Syed Shaik Abdul Qadir Jilani Kushayeedakar Har Dou Jahani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him],

BASIC FACTS:

Birth Name : Sayed  Abdul Qadir Jilani
Born in : Jilan(gilan), Iran.
Date of Birth : 1st Ramadan, 471 or 470 Hijri in Jilan, Iran.



IN DEPTH:


Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], was born into a pious Sayed family of Jilan (in Iran). His father name was Hazrat Abu Saleh Moosa Jangi Dost, who was an extremely virtuous person and was married to the equally saintly daughter of Hazrat Syed Abdullah Saumai ( [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], ), a well-known divine of his time.
The name of his mother was Hazrata Fatima , a pious lady, who gave birth to him when she was 60 years old. After his birth, he was named as “ Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him],.

Ghawth al-A'zam
Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], was considered a great Divine blessing.
A miracle is in the  fact that when he was born on 1st Ramzan , From 1st Ramdan ul Mubarak itsel did not drink the milk of his mother during the day time due to it being the Holy Month of Ramadan (the month of Fasting) until the completion of the entire month. Subhaan allah, allahu akbar.

Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], lost his father at an early age. When he reached the age of 8 or 9, his mother decided to send him away to Baghdad so that he could be properly educated.

Before he left, she told him, to never tell a lie and gave him 40 dinaars for the journey. For safety, she had sewn the coins on the inside of his gown.

After bidding farewell to his mother, Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], joined a caravan destined for Baghdad. Hardly had they reached Hamdan, when suddenly they were attacked by a group of bandits.


Yaa Ghaus-e-Azam Nigahe karam
A few of the bandits at last approached a poor simple-looking boy sitting quietly at one side.
They asked him "have you got anything with you?"
"Yes", he replied, "I have 40 dinars with me".
The robbers did not believe it and thought that the boy was telling a lie so they took him to their Chief. Their Chief again asked him "You say, you have 40 dinars with you. Where are they?"
The boy tore open a portion of his jacket and took out forty dinars to the utter surprise of the robbers. The Chief enquired "Why do you disclose your precious property?"
The boy replied that "I was instructed by my mother, who had stitched these dinars in my jacket, never to speak a lie".
The Chief was moved to the inner-most depth of his heart and tears rolled down his face. He exclaimed by saying "While I am disobedient to even my Creator, this boy is obedient to his mother." The Chief ordered to return all the looted property to the members of the caravan and renounced his evil ways, thus becoming a devoted Muslim.


Mazare Sharif Ghous-e-Paak


Gous-e-pak

Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], never told a lie during his life time. There even exist records to prove that a caravan bound for Baghdad from Jilan (Iran) was encountered by a band of robbers. Along with the caravan, Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], was travelling.

Baghdad was then a great centre of Islamic learning and Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], became the favourite pupil of Hazrat Allama Abu Zakariya Tabrezi, Principal of the Jamia Nizamiah. He studied there for 8 years and acquired mastery in all branches of learning. During this period young Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], had to pass a life of trials and tribulations, including that he passed some of his days under starvation, but he loathed begging of food from any one.

Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], often left the city life and wandered the lonely deserts and jungles of Iraq. He endured hardships and self denial to discipline his self (ego) and purify his soul, heart and mind. He urged his entire self towards Allah as done by Hazrat Syedina Rasulallah ( Sal-lal-lahu alaihi wa sallam ). He would recite the Qur’an Sharif and often perform prolonged prayers during the whole night. Often there would be no need for fresh ablution for the morning prayers due to the extent of his worship during the night. He wore a long woollen robe and lived on dates and water.


Yaa Abdul Qadir Jilani Shein lillah

Once Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], had nothing to eat for several days and he wandered near the ruins of the palace Kasra in search of Mubah (something which is permissible to eat). But when he reached there he saw 70 other pious men searching for food.
Seeing them, he returned to Baghdad, tired and sad. On the way back he met a foreigner who had a message from his mother; she had sent him some money.
It was a gift from Allah. Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him],
went back and distributed the money amongst the 70 pious men and kept a little for himself.

After many trials and tribulations, Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him],
developed tolerance, willpower, great determination and complete faith in Allah. He avoided situations and conditions that would disturb his prayers as he longed for closeness towards Allah. He uplifted those standards of quality and steadfastness according to which Allah measures His aspirant Loved Ones.


Mazar-e-Pak of Ghaus-e-Azam

Once Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], resolved neither to eat or drink or change dress until he was given all those by a pious person favoured by Allah Subhaanahu thaalah. Thirty nine (39) days passed in this manner by meditation and prayer.

On the 40th day someone left a plate of food by his side and went away. Although he was attracted towards the food due to hunger, he did not break his pledge. Also he was a Syed, and if the food was Zakat or charity then it was forbidden to him. Hence, he decided not to partake the food.
After sometime his teacher, Hazrat Abu Saeed Mubarak Maqqomi [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him],
arrived and enquired about his welfare and invited Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], to his house. He accepted his master’s invitation and informed that his nafs (self) was restless but his spirit was blessed by Allah subhaanahu thaalah and His secret was now revealed to him.


O Abdul Quadar Jilani Please Help Me
Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him],'s successful struggle made the master so happy that he served Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani
[may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him],'s food with his own hands. He also awarded Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani[may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], the khirqa (robe) and made him his Khalifa.
The teacher also informed him that the robe was that of Hazrat Sydina Rasulallah ( Sal-lal-lahu alaihi wa sallam ) who had bestowed it to Syedina Hazrat Ali Karam Allahu Wajhu and thereafter it passed on through generations, from saint to saint, until it had reached him.

On completion of his education, Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani
[may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], set out to acquire spiritual training. He spent several long years undergoing the rigorous and spiritual life, and passing his time in meditation and in search of truth & Allah.


Mazar-e-Mubarak of Ghawth al-Azam
Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], had come to Baghdad to serve humanity, but moral degeneration and Islamic values exploited by men in power disgusted him. He decided to leave Baghdad and help people in the rural areas.
With the Holy Qur’an in his hands, he left the city but he had hardly reached Bab-e-Halbah on the outskirts of Baghdad when he heard a voice restraining him from leaving Baghdad. It was the will of Allah and so Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], returned to Baghdad. The next day while he was passing through a street, an elderly man opened a door and greeted Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him],. He enquired about his earlier intentions on leaving the city and then closed the door. Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani ( Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho, ) was shocked as his intentions were not disclosed to anyone and wondered how this stranger could have known about it.
After many days Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], saw the same elderly man passing through the street and he was invited to his house. Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], went to the house of Hazrat Sheikh Hammad Al Dabbas
[may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], who was a Syrain and a syrup vendor. This dervish was a reputed saint of Baghdad and emphasized spiritual training, Tasawwuf and Tareeqat. He taught the student to act in consonance with the will of Allah while maintaining their individuality.
Hazrat Hammad al Dabbas [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], adored Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani[may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], and gave special attention and trained him in Tasawwuf. At first, Sufi religious aspirants did not include Aalim (scholar) and Faqih (Jurist).



Mazar Sharif Ghaus Pak & Tabarrukat

Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], paved the way to change this; he was a Sufi, Aalim and Faqih.

Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], was also gifted the title of Mohiuddin i.e. the reviver of faith.

O master! For the sake of your dignity...
Upon your servant’s plight take pity
 
In the year 511 AH, Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], saw in a vision that he was walking along a street in Baghdad. There he met on the roadside an old and sick man who greeted him with Salaam and asked him to help him get up. Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani
[may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], answered his salutation and helped him up. No sooner did Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], help him, the man's health improved dramatically and his stature healed.
Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], was wonderstruck and a little afraid, but the man allayed his fear and said, “I am Islam, the religion of your grandfather. I had become diseased and poorly but Allah has revived me through your help.
Later at a public appearance in the mosque, a man came and addressed Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], as ‘Ya Syed Mohiuddin’ and since then people have addressed him with this name.

Blessed by Allah’s Messenger Syedina Rasoolallah ( Sal-lal-lahu alaihi wa sallam ), he became a great preacher, orator and reformer.

Once in Shawwal 521 AH, Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani
[may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], saw Allah’s Messenger ( Sal-lal-lahu alaihi wa sallam ) in his dream advising him to make a speech and to impart his knowledge to others.



Baghdad Sharif

Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], asked to be blessed with eloquence as he was an Ajmi (non-Arab). Allah’s Messenger recited the Aayat “Call unto the way of thy Lord with wisdom and beautiful preachings’ (16:25) seven times and blew on the face of Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him],.
The same day after Zuhr prayer, Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani
[may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], mounted the pulpit and addressed the people with a sermon. The audience were entranced by his words. His assemblies were attended by men of all calibre.
About 400 men remained engaged in recording his speeches (Akhbarul Akhyar).


Many embraced Islam under the influence of his sermons. His fame for learning, piety, inner illumination, truth and strict adherence to Shariah spread all over. People flocked to hear his lectures and benefit from the sermons that covered all aspects of life.
Muslim sinners would change their course of life after listening to his discourses. His spiritual personality awed even the greatest of men.

When Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], spoke he was prompted by the Grace of Allah causing the miraculous and revolutionary impact of his words.





Roza-e-Mubarak Ghous Pak

The greatest of all divines and mystic saints of Islam, Hazrat Peeran-e-Peer Ghaus e Azam Shah Abdul Qadir Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], breathed his last on the 11th or 17th Rabi-us-Sani, 561 A.H. at the age of 90 ~ 91 years.
His Wisal cast a gloom over the world of Islam but his life and teachings will forever illuminate the hearts of Muslims.



Turban of Ghousal Azam
Crown on Mazar Sharif

Foot Print of Ghouse Pak


Whose eyes can towards your head rise ?...
Mystics kiss your feet with their eyes

Eleven Names of Ghous-e-Azam

Calografi of Ghawth al-Azam

1. Sayyid Muhiy'yud'deen Sultaan (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho)
2. Muhiy'yud'deen Qutub (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho)
3. Muhiy'ud'deen Khwaja (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho)
4. Muhiy'yud'deen Makhdoom (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho)
5. Muhiy'yud'deen Wali (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho)
6. Muhiy'yud'deen Baadshah (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho)
7. Muhiy'yud'deen Shaykh (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho)
8. Muhiy'yud'deen Mawlana (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho)
9. Muhiy'yud'deen Ghawth (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho)
10. Muhiy'yud'deen Khalil (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho)
11. Muhiy'yud'deen (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho)

[Fatawa Radawiyyah Sharif, Vol - 12, Page No :- 227]



His “Nasab” or Blessed Genealogy
From Exalted Father:


Mazar Sharif of Ghawth Paak's Father
Imam Sayyid Abu Swalih Musa Jangi Dost Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho
The Supreme Helper, the Lordly Cardinal Pole, the everlasting edifice, the radiantly shining lamp, the Sultan of the Saints and the Masters of Direct Knowledge, the proof of the chosen and those who have reached their spiritual destination, Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala’s Gray Falcon, our patron, our master and our exemplary guide to Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala , the noble highborn patrician, the chieftain, - Shaykh Muhyi ‘d-Din ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani al-Hasani al-Husaini [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala sanctify his splendid innermost being, and may He illuminate his noble mausoleum],

- son of Imam Sayyid Abu Swalih Musa Jangi Dost Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho,
- son of Imam Sayyid ‘Abdullah Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho,
- son of Imam Sayyid Yahya az-Zahid Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho,
- son of Imam Sayyid Muhammad Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho,

- son of Imam Sayyid Da'ud Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho,
- son of Imam Sayyid Musa Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho,
- son of Imam Sayyid Abdullah Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho,
- son of Imam Sayyid Musa al-Jawn Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho,
- son of Imam Sayyid Abdullah al-Mahd Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho,
- son of Imam Sayyid al-Hasan al-Muthanna Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho,
- son of Imam al-Humam Sayyid al-Hasan as-Sibt Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho,
- son of our chief and our patron, the Commander of the Believers, Abul-Husain ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala be well pleased with them all].


His “Hasab” or Blessed Genealogy
From Exalted Mother:



Mazar Sharif of Ghawth Paak's Mother.
Sayyida Fatima Umm al-Khair Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anha
On his mother’s side of the family, the line of descent of our revered master and patron, Shaykh Muhyi’d-Din ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the Exalted be well pleased with him], is as follows:

- He is Sayyid Shaykh Muhyi ‘d-Din ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala sanctify his luminous innermost being],

- son of Sayyidah Umm al-Khayr Amat al-Jabbar Fatima Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anha,
- daughter of Sayyid 'Abdullah as-Sawma'i az-Zahid Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho,
- son of Sayyid Abu ‘Abdi’llah Jamal ad-Din Muhammad Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho,
- son of Sayyid Mahmud Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho,
- son of Sayyid Abul-'Ata’ 'Abdullah Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho,
- son of Sayyid Kamal ad-Din ‘Esa Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho,
- son of Sayyid Imam Abu ‘Abdi’llah ‘Ala’ ad-Din Muhammad al-Jawad Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho,
- son of Sayyid Imam ‘Ali ar-Rida Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho,
- son of Sayyid Imam Musa al-Kazim Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho,
- son of Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho,
- son of Imam Muhammad al-Baqir Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho,
- son of Imam Zain al-'Abidin ‘Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho,
- son of Imam al-Humam al-Husain, the Martyr of Karbala,
- son of Imam al-Humam, the Commander of the Believers, our master ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho [may Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala be well pleased with him, and with them all].



Salaam-e-Ghous-e-Pak




Assalaam Ya Ghause A’zam Assalaam
Assalaam Ya Qutbe Aa’lam Assalaam
Assalaam Ya Tajdare Aulia, Assalaam
Assalaam Ya Peshwaaey Atqiya Assalaam
Assalaam Ya Rehnumaaey Asfiya, Assalaam
Assalaam Ya Rahbare Raahe Huda Assalaam
Assalaam Ya Ibne Sultaane Umam, Assalaam
Assalaam Ya Saahebe Jaho Hasham Assalaam
Assalaam Ya Partave Husne Qadam, Assalaam
Assalaam Ya Noore Khurshide Karam Assalaam
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