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Job Interview में पूछे जाने वाले 10 प्रश्न और उनके उत्तर

Job Interview Series की  इस  चौथी  पोस्ट   में  मैं  आपके  साथ  Interview में  पूछे  जाने  वाले  FAQs, यानि  अक्सर  पूछे  जाने  वाले  questions के  बारे  में  बात  करूँगा .
दूसरी  और  तीसरी  पोस्ट   में  मैंने  Job Interview में  सफलता  पाने  के  tips और  Job Interview से  related Dos and Don’ts share किये  थे .
आज  मैं  FAQs को  answer करने  में  हमें  किन  बातों पर  ध्यान  देना  चाहिए  इस  बारे  में  आपसे अपनी  understanding share करूँगा . यहाँ  मैं आपके साथ कुछ sample answers भी share करूँगा  ताकि आपको उससे कुछ मदद मिल सके, ये understood है कि ये बस indicative answers होंगे और actual answer person to person differ करेगा. और हाँ, मैं इन sample answers को English में लिख रहा हूँ, क्योंकि corporate world में ज्यादातर job-interviews English में ही होते हैं.
साथ ही मैं ये भी कहना चाहूँगा कि आप इन answers को सिर्फ यह समझने के लिए देखें कि किन-किन बातों को answer में include करना है, और उसे अपने words में frame करें. मैंने जो उत्तर दिए हैं वो मेरी understanding के हिसाब से ठीक हैं, पर आप उन्हें perfect नहीं कह सकते, in fact अगर मैं खुद उन answers पर दुबारा काम करूँ तो उन्हें और भी बेहतर बना सकता हूँ. इसलिए आप अपने best possible answer को find करने के लिए effort कीजिये.
 तो  चलिए  हम  ऐसे  ही कुछ  प्रश्नों  को  लेते  हैं :
Question 1: Tell me about Yourself? / Walk me through you CV?/ Introduce yourself/ अपने  बारे  में  हमें  बताएं ?
I think यह  एक  ऐसा  प्रश्न   है  जो  शायद  ही  किसी   Interview में  नहीं  पूछा  जाता  हो , और  यह  एक  ऐसा  प्रश्न   भी  है  जिसे  answer करने  में  बड़ी  confusion रहती  है  कि  क्या  बोलें क्या  ना  बोलें . आमतौर  पर  यह  interview का  पहला  प्रश्न   होता   है , इसलिए इस प्रश्न को हम थोड़ा detail में discuss करेंगे.
प्रश्न  पूछने  के  पीछे  का  मकसद : 
  • ताकि  interview देने  वाला  थोडा  comfortable हो  जाए .इस  प्रश्न   पर  कोई  blank नहीं  हो  सकता , सभी  के  पास  अपने  बारे  में  बताने  के  लिए  कुछ  ना  कुछ  होता  है , और  जब  आप  शुरू  में  कुछ  बोल   लेते  हैं  तो  कुछ  हद  तक  आपकी  हिचक  कम  हो  जाती  है .
  • आपके   बारे  में  जानना.  कई  बार  interviewer पूरी  CV नहीं  पढता , वो  आपके  उत्तर  से  ही  आपके  बारे  में  जान  लेता  है , और  उस  basis पर  और  कई   प्रश्न   पूछ  सकता  है .
इस  प्रश्न  के उत्तर  में  क्या  बताएं ?
मैं  आपको  यहाँ  वही  बताऊंगा  जो  मैं  करता  हूँ , हो  सकता  है  कि  कोई  और  आपको  इससे  भी  अच्छा  तरीका  बता  पाए  इसलिए  इसे  पत्थर  की  लकीर  मान  कर  मत  चलिए . पर  जैसा   कि  मैं  पहले  बता  चुका  हूँ  , interview में  मेरा  success rate 90% रहा  है , तो  संभवतः  यह  एक सही  तरीका  है .
इस  प्रश्न   का  उत्तर  देते  वक़्त   आपके  पास   एक  मौका  होता  है  कि  आप  employer को  अपनी  तरफ  attract कर  सकें ,उसे  अपनी  skills sell कर  सकें ; इसलिए  इसके  उत्तर  में  आपको  अपने  major achievements और  qualities सामने  लानी  चाहियें .
Answer की  शुरआत  अपने  नाम  से  करें , हो  सकता  है  कि  Interviewer आपको  पहले  से  ही  आपके  नाम  से  पुकार  रहे  हों , in that case आप  कह   सकते  हैं  कि  ,As you know I am Amit Kumar ……” और  फिर  आगे  continue कर  सकते  हैं . और   अगर   वो  आपका  नाम  नहीं  जानते  हैं  तो  आप  simply कह  सकते  हैं , “ Hello Sir, I am Amit Kumar…..and so on”
अपने  बारे  में  chronological order में बताएँ  , यानी  जैसे – जैसे   आपकी  life आगे  बढ़ी  हो  उस  हिसाब  से , actually human brain कुछ  ऐसा  designed होता  है कि  वो  इस  order को  ठीक  से  समझ  पाता  है . यदि  आप  कभी  past, कभी  present में  switch करते  रहेंगे  तो  confusion हो  सकता  है . और   इस  answer में  ऐसी  ही  चीजें  include करें  जिसमे  employer interested हो .
आप  ये  भी  ध्यान  रखें  कि  आप  यह  answer  कुछ  इस  तरह  से  दे  सकते  हैं  कि  सामने  वाला  आपका  मन  चाहा  question पूछे . जैसे  कि  यदि  आप  चाहते  हैं  कि  Interviewer आपसे  आपको  हाल  में  मिले  reward के  बारे  में  बात  करे , तो  आप  कह  सकते  हैं … “………….. and recently I was rewarded by the organization for my outstanding performance….”
यहाँ  मैं  आपके  साथ  दो  sample answers share कर  रहा  हूँ , जिससे  आप  अंदाज़ा  लगा  पायेंगे  कि  कैसे  answer देना  है :
Supposing Amit एक  fresher है :
  • “Sir, I am Amit Kumar, I belong to Lucknow, and I have studied there till class 12th, I have been a science side student and have consistently scored good marks. I have always been ahead in taking initiatives and have actively participated in Debates, Sports, and other competitions. I have even represented my school on several occasions.                                                                                                                                   Sir, after my schooling I wanted to do Engineering, and therefore I took a break of one year and prepared for various entrance exams.  I was fortunate to get selected for JSS Noida, from where I completed my  BTech in Computer Science  During my studies ; I developed a special liking for the Dot Net and RDBMS and I really feel excited about an opportunity to use my knowledge and skills in the real world and make a meaningful contribution in the growth of my organization.                                                                                 So, this was in brief about me, and I would be glad to answer anything specific you want to know.”
इस  answer को  सुनने  के  बाद  ज्यादा  chance है  कि  Amit से  Interview के  दौरान  Dot Net और  RDBMS के  बारे  में  पूछा  जाए .और  ये  भी  कि  उसने  computer science क्यों  choose किया ?
Supposing Amit is having 3 year work ex. 
  • Sir, I am Amit Kumar, I belong to Lucknow, where I did my schooling. For my graduation I went to New Delhi and did B.Com from Shri Guru Gobind Singh College. By the time I completed my graduation I was clear to pursue a career in the corporate world and hence I decided to do MBA from a reputed college. And I fortunately got an opportunity to study at IILM, which is amongst the top management institutes in the NCR. The two years invested here added a lot of value in me. Apart from learning the management skills I improved my organizing and networking skills. Then during the campus placements I got a break in Nerolac Paints, where I joined as a Management Trainee. Currently, I am working in the same company at the position of Territory Sales Manager; I have been handling the the NCR Region, and have been an outstanding performer. Sir my total work experience now stands at 3 + years, and I feel very confident about my skills and aptitude to excel in the corporate world. I am sure that if given an opportunity I will be able to deliver and contribute in the growth of the organization.                                                                                                                        So, this was in brief about me, and I would be glad to answer anything specific you want to know.”
Question 2: What are your strengths ? / आपकी  strengths क्या  है ?
 अपनी  strengths बताने  में  आप  इनमे  से  कुछ  बोल  सकते  हैं :
  • I am a team player and can adapt to changing conditions with ease.
  • I am good at organising events and taking initiatives.
  • I am very good at building networks and executing the plans set by the management.
आप  चाहे  जो भी  अपनी  strengths बताएं  पर  उसे  support करने  के  लिए  आपके  पास  real life examples होने  चाहियें , जो  आप  answer में  add कर  सकें .
For ex: I am very good at building networks and executing the plans set by the management. In fact in my current job I developed a chain of distributors in East Delhi for our new product and my work was very much recognized by the management.
Question 3: Why do you want to leave your current job? / आप अपनी  मौजूदा  नौकरी  क्यों  छोड़ना  चाहते  हैं/
इस  प्रश्न   के  उत्तर  में  आप  अपनी  मौजूदा   company की   बुराई  कत्तई  ना  करें . आप  कुछ  इस  तरह  से  answer दे  सकते  हैं :
  • Sir, I have been with this company for over three years and have learnt a lot of things. But since last few months my learning and  growth in the organization has stagnated,  and I strongly  feel that I would have a better learning and growth opportunity in a company like yours. That’s why I want to switch.
OR
  • Sir, I have been with this company for over three years and have learnt a lot of things. But off-late I have felt that my current compensation is not in-line with the kind of hard work and efforts I put for the organization, therefore I am looking forward to work for a company which has better growth opportunities along with better compensation.
Question 4: Tell us about your  current  job, what is your role?/  अपनी  मौजूदा  नौकरी  के  बारे  में  बताएं , आपका  काम  क्या  है ?
इस   answer में  आप  जो  करते  हैं  उसे  थोडा  detail और  enthusiasm के  साथ  बताइए .
आप  कुछ  इस  तरह  से  answer दे  सकते  हैं :
  • Sir,  I am handling the Sales in the NCR region, and I am responsible for achieving the sales targets set by the company. At present I handle a team of 5 Area Sales Managers, who operate in different parts of the NCR. It is my responsibility to motivate and direct the team, allocate targets, and ensure that we meet those targets.                                        On an average I spend one day in each region and also make frequent field visits. I am often involved in group meetings to launch new contests for our distributors. Having worked closely with the distributors I also participate actively in designing the contests and planning other promotional activities to boost sales. In fact some of my strategies have been so successful that they were replicated throughout the North Zone.
इतना कहने  के  बाद  आप  रुक  सकते  हैं , and you can expect कि  आपसे  उन  strategies के  बारे  में  पूछा  जा  सकता  है .
Question 5: Why do you want to join this company? / आप  ये  company क्यों  join करना  चाहते  हैं ?
इस  question का  answer आपको  3rd question के  answer के  आखिरी   पार्ट  में  मिल  जायेगा . उसके  आलावा  आप  थोडा  –बहुत  और  add कर  सकते  हैं :
  • Sir, xyz company is a very big brand globally, and it would be a matter of pride to be associated with such a company. The various Awards, like the Best Employer Award, etc are testimony to the great work culture of the company. Along with that there is a lot of scope to hone one’s skills and have a plenty of growth opportunities in your organization. Who would not like to be its part? :)
Question 6: Why should we select you? /हम  आपका  चयन  क्यों करें  ?
यह  प्रश्न   और दूसरा  प्रश्न   लगभग  एक  ही  है , यहाँ  भी   आपको  अपनी   strengths बतानी  होती  है  , plus आपको  अपने  experience को  भी  sell करना  होता  है .
Question 7: Why your marks are very low in xyz exam? Xyz exam में  आपके  marks इतने  कम  क्यों  हैं ?
यदि  आपके  marks किसी  एक  exam में  कम  हैं  तो  संभवतः  आपके  पास  कोई  ख़ास  वजह  होगी , जैसे  कि  बीमार  पड़ जाना , accident हो  जाना , etc?
पर  यदि  आप  consistently low marks पाते  रहे  हैं , तो  आप  कुछ  इस  तरह  से  answer कर  सकते  हैं :
  • Sir, I have always been involved in various extra-curricular activities. I have represented my school in a number of sporting events and other competitions.Because of this I could concentrate less on my studies. But you may notice that my marks have improved during my MBA where I became more inclined towards knowledge accumulation and sharpening my skills.
Question 8: What has been your biggest achievement till date? / अब  तक  की  आपकी  सबसे  बड़ी  achievement क्या  रही  है ?
इस  question के  answer में  आप  कोई  ऐसा  achievement बताएं  जिसे  Interviewer offer की  जाने  वाली  Job से  relate कर  सके .
For Fresher: Supposing आप  Marketing and Sales की  job के  लिए  interview दे  रहे  हों :
  • Sir, last year we had a very successful Marketing Summit at the India Habitat Centre, I was leading the organizing committee and I think I did a pretty good job of coordinating with the whole team and making sure that there are no hiccups. I must tell you that it was not an easy job, starting from booking the venue, arranging for the speakers, promoting the event, and many other such nitty-gritties…it was very hectic but at the end I managed it all, obviously with the help from my team and other staff.
For experienced: Supposing आप  Marketing and Sales की  job के  लिए  interview दे  रहे  हों :
  • Sir, I joined my present organization a couple of years ago, at the end of my first year I was given the job of achieving Sales Target of over Rs. 30 lacs in a quarter; it was indeed a challenging task, because my region’s best achievement till date was Rs. 20 lacs . However, I put in a lot of hard work and applied some innovative strategies like contacting the Institutions, and putting the kiosks in maals and apartments, I also managed to use the advertising budget efficiently and increased the visibility of our brand. So the cumulative effect resulted in achieving the targets and in fact we did Rs 32.5 lacs of sales in that quarter. This also helped me in getting an outstanding rating during appraisals. :)
Question 9: What are your weaknesses? आपकी  कमजोरी  क्या  है ?
इस  प्रश्न   के  उत्तर  में   कभी  भी  ये  मत  कहिये  कि   आपकी  कोई  कमजोरी  नहीं  है  और  ना  ही  ऐसी  कोई  कमजोरी   बताइये  जो  interviewer को  ये  सोचने  पर  मजबूर  कर  दे  कि   आप  अपनी  job ठीक  से  नहीं  कर  पायेंगे . ये  भी  ध्यान  रखिये  कि   आप  जो भी  weakness बताएं  उसके  साथ  ये  भी  बताइए  की  आप  उसे  पार  पाने  के  लिए  क्या  कर  रहे  हैं.
कई  बार  लोग  अपनी  कमजोरी  को  ऐसे  बताते  हैं  जो  actually strength हो , ऐसा  मत  करिए , इससे  interviewer irritate हो  सकता  है .
आप  कुछ  इस  तरह  से  answer दे  सकते  हैं :
  • Sir, I feel that I need to work on time management and learn to prioritize my work efficiently. In fact I have started working on the To-Do List tool and have improved somewhat, hopefully I will overcome this weakness soon.
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